Bryan and College Station Chiropractor Dr. David Bailey is a Board Certified Chiropractic Orthopedist and he notes that as individuals get older, they begin to notice more discomforts in their muscles as well as joints. They stiffen up with age, and such normal activities as picking the morning paper from the driveway could be a painful chore.
They may believe that the pain and stiff arises in the older bones or it is due to arthritis. Yet the genuine source of stiffness as well as soreness exists not in the joints or bones, according to research study at the renowned Johns Hopkins Medical College, but in the muscular tissues and also connective tissues that move and support the joints.
Pain and stiffness in joints allows for inflammation to arise when the joints move, causing pain and further reduced motion.
Flexibility is the clinical term used to describe the range of a joint's activity from full motion in one plane to complete motion in the other direction in the same plane. The higher the range of motion, the more flexible the joint.
Range of motion is but one ket aspect of joint health. How much muscle force is needed and if the motion is painful are others.
Various elements limit the range of motion (ROM) in different joints and also muscular tissues. In the knee, the bony structure itself establishes a definite limitation. In various other joints, such as the ankle joint, hip, and also back, the soft tissues-- muscle as well as connective tissue like ligaments and fascia-- limit the ROM.
The trouble of restricted joints and also short stiff soft tissue corresponds to the difficulty of opening as well an old rust gate. It makes a lot of noise and it takes a lot of power to open it, as compared to a new gate that has no restrictions.
Hence, if people do not regularly move their muscles as well as joints to the full ROM, they lose some of their potential. That is why when these people will certainly try to use a joint after an extended period of lack of exercise, they feel discomfort, which prevents further use
Just what occurs next is that the muscles become reduced with prolonged disuse as well as creates contractions as well as pains that can be irritating and very painful. The immobilization of muscular tissues, as scientists have shown with laboratory animals, produces adverse biochemical modifications in the cells or scar tissue.
However, other factors trigger sore muscles. Here are some of them:
1. Overdoing Exercise
Is it No pain, no gain?, probably not.
The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they feel the significant pain, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.
2. Getting Old
Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.
3. Not Moving
Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the bodys reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.
First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lower back.
4. Spasm Yheory
In the medical human physiology laboratory at the University of Southern California, some people have set out to learn more about this cycle of pain, immobility, and spasm.
Using electromyography, they measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed show considerable activity.
In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.
In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.
These experiments led to the spasm theory, an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.
According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in a bad position becomes fatigued and as a result, sore muscles.
Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. This goes to show that there is no truth in the saying, No pain, no gain. What matters most is on how people stay fit by exercising regularly.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.